Wine Grapes Glossary
Life Style / Wine Grapes Glossary
Abbuoto: Red wine variety found in central Italy. Has synonym names of Aboto and Cecubo. Used to make a deeply colored, rustic, dry wine blend with moderate ageing ability of up to about 8 years or so.
Abouriou: Minor grape now rarely found in the area south of Bergerac, SW. France. Used to make a red wine and thought to be the grape called Early Burgundy in California and Australia. In the latter c . . . View Full Definition
Acolon: Variety developed and subsequently released from the Weinsberg/Württemberg Research Station, Baden, Germany in November, 1999. Has synonym name WE 71-816-102. Derived from a Dornfelder x Lem . . . View Full Definition
African Queen: V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) female pollinate. Vigorous, productive variety ripening in mid-season to give large, very sweet (16% sugar) fruit with medium thick skin. No other details as yet.
Afus Ali: According to the Geilweilerhof database,, this variety originated in Lebanon. Has an extraordinary number of synonym names including Raisin d'Or and Regina (Bianca). A little known selection . . . View Full Definition
Agawam: This variety is a V. Labrusca/Vinifera hybrid, created by E. Rogers, dating from the 1850's. It was derived from a Carter x Black Hamburg cross and is notable as being the only self-fertile . . . View Full Definition
Agianniotiko: (No other details other than it is a red-wine variety found in Greece, also used for rosés).
Agiorgitiko: Pronounced 'Ah-jee-or-jee tee-koh'. (a.k.a St. George). Red-wine grape native to Greece. Used to produce intense, fruity wine in dry and sweet versions. Also blended with Cabernet Sauvignon . . . View Full Definition
Aglianico: Red-wine grapevine cultivated in Basilicata and Campania regions of Italy. In the latter province it has the alias names Agliatica, Ellenico, Ellanico, Gnanico and Uva Nera. Of extremely anc . . . View Full Definition
Aidani: Pronounced 'I ee than ee'. Variety found mainly in the western islands off the Greek mainland. Also grown extensively on the island of Rhodes. Used as part of a white-wine blend that include . . . View Full Definition
Airén: Has synonym names Aidén, Lairén, Manchega and Valdepeñera. Semi-classic white-wine producer variety with the unique distinction of being the most widely planted vine variety in Spain. Highly . . . View Full Definition
Alachua: Complex V.rotundifolia (i.e. Muscadine) cultivar created at Leesburg, Florida. Derived from a Fry (Early) x Southland cross by J. Mortenson and J. Harris. Is a black-skinned berry variety re . . . View Full Definition
Aladasturi: V. vinifera variety grown in Georgia (CIS). Has several synonym names according to the Geilweilerhof database (see Foreword above). Used in the production of semi-dry rosé wines.
Albalonga: Grape resulting from a cross between Riesling and a Sylvaner clone. Limited growths in Rheinhessen region of Germany. Used to create good 'Auslese' style white wines in better years.
Albana: White-wine producing variety of ancient origin widely planted in the Emilia region of Italy. Produced as several variations of dry, semi-dry and sweet (dolce) wine of which the latter is reg . . . View Full Definition
Albania: Vigorous, productive V. Aestivalis hybrid female pollinate variety created by T.V. Munson reported to be a complex Post Oak/ Norton /Herbemont cross variety. Has a very late season (reported . . . View Full Definition
Albariño: Has synonym name Alvarinho where grown in Portugal. White-wine producing variety, used to create a serious varietal wine with pleasant citrus fruit aroma, widely grown in regions of N.W. Spa . . . View Full Definition
Albarola: White-wine producing variety grown on the cliff coastline of Liguria, N.W Italy. Has at least 10 synonym names including Calcatella and Temosci. Used to make a dry blend called 'Cinque Terre . . . View Full Definition
Albillo Krimskii: V.vinifera variety grown in Georgia (CIS), better known there by its synonym name Rachuli-Tetra. (No other details other than speculation that it may be related to the Albillo variety (above . . . View Full Definition
Albillo Real: Has synonym names Albilla, Albillo de Toro and Blanca del Pais. Small-berried tablegrape and white-wine producer variety mainly grown in the Castile region of Spain. Often used to produce me . . . View Full Definition
Alcañón: Variety native to the Somontano (Pyrenees) region of Spain that is sometimes used for the production of white varietal wine. Also used in blends with a profusion of other grapewines to produ . . . View Full Definition
Alden: Labruscana variety, derived from a Ontario x Gros Guillaume cross, recommended for cool climate regions. Suitable for Table or Wine use. Among the largest of the American cultivar grapes it . . . View Full Definition
Aleatico: Minor red-wine grape commonly grown in central and southern Italy. There have been controversial results in the attempt to establish pedigree with DNA testing. Some see a possible link to Mu . . . View Full Definition
Alexander: American variety notable for the historical record. According to Hedrick (Grapes of New York, 1912) the early history of this vine is that of two purported varieties, the Schuykill Muscadell . . . View Full Definition
Alexandreuli: Variety grown in Georgia, CIS (former Soviet Union). Reported by the Geilweilerhof database (see Foreword above) as a selected seedling of Muscat of Alexandria. Used to produce, using coarse . . . View Full Definition