Human Resources (HR) Glossary
Business / Human Resources (HR) Glossary
360-Degree Feedback: An appraisal process whereby an individual is rated on his or her performance by people who know something about the individualís work. This can include direct reports, peers, managers, cust . . . View Full Definition
Ability: Aptitude or competence, the skill or proficiency needed to perform certain tasks.
Ability Test: An assessment instrument used to measure an individualís abilities, mental or physical skills level (i.e. problem solving, manual dexterity, etc.).
Absenteeism: Referred to as the habitual failure of employees to report for work when they are scheduled to work.
Absolute Ratings: A rating method where the rater assigns a specific value on a fixed scale to the behavior or performance of an individual instead of assigning ratings based on comparisons between other individuals.
Abstract Reasoning: The process of perceiving issues and reaching conclusions through the use of symbols or generalizations rather than concrete factual information.
Academic: An educator who is a faculty member at a college or university. Also referred to as Academician.
Accessibility: The extent to which a contractor's or employer's facility is readily approachable and does not inhibit the mobility of individuals with disabilities, particularly such areas as the personnel . . . View Full Definition
Accessible Format: Materials that are designed in alternate formats such as Braille, audiotape, oral presentation or electronically for individuals with visual impairments.
Accountability: The responsibility placed on an individual or group for their own or othersí actions, conduct, performance, projects, etc.
Accreditation: A process of external quality review and certification by a recognized body that evaluates individuals, colleges, universities and educational programs to assure they are performing the func . . . View Full Definition
Achievement Test: A standardized testing instrument used to measure how much an individual has learned or what skills he or she has attained as a result of education, training or past experience.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS): Caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which kills or damages cells of the body's immune system by progressively destroying the body's ability to fight infections and certain cance . . . View Full Definition
Acquisition: The process of acquiring control of another corporation by purchase or stock exchange.
Action Learning: A learner-driven, continuous learning process where learning revolves around the need to find solutions to real problems.
Active Learning: The process of learning new knowledge, skills and behaviors through taking specific actions or performing specific tasks.
Active Listening: A manner of listening that focuses exclusively on what the other person is saying and validates understanding of both the content of the message and the emotions underlying the message to en . . . View Full Definition
Activities Of Daily Living (ADL): The personal care activities which are essential to an individualís everyday living, including eating, bathing, grooming, dressing, mobility and toileting.
Adjunct Program: A supplemental training tool that applies programming principles to existing instructional modules, materials, texts, manuals, etc., that are designed to direct the learner to specific areas . . . View Full Definition
Adult Learner: Individuals who are beyond postsecondary education age, are employed on a full- or part-time basis and are enrolled in a formal or informal educational program.
Adverse Action: Any act by an employer that results in an individual or group of individuals being deprived of equal employment opportunities.
Adverse Impact: A substantially different rate of selection in hiring, promotion or other employment decision that works to the disadvantage of a race, sex or ethnic group.
Adverse Selection: An employerís selection practices or policies that result in discriminatory or unfavorable treatment toward an individual or individuals who are members of a protected group.
Advisory Committee: A group or panel of internal or external members with no decision- making authority, assembled to identify and discuss specific issues and make recommendations.
Affected Class: Groups of employees, former employees or applicants who have experienced and/or continue to experience the loss of employment opportunities or benefits due to discriminatory practices or pol . . . View Full Definition
Word of the Day:
Chromogenic Materials: Color photographic materials which form dyes during processing.