Business / Agriculture / Wetlands: Areas of predominantly hydric soils that can support a prevalence of water-loving plants, know as hydrophitic vegetation. Transitional between terrestrial and aquatic systems are wetlands typified by a water table at or near the surface, or the land is covered by shallow water at least part of the year. Types of wetlands are distinguished by water patterns (the frequency and length of flooding) and location in relation to upland areas and water bodies. Wetlands perform many functions including wildlife and fish habitat, storage and conveyance of flood waters, sediment and pollution control, and recreation. Under the swampbuster program, landowners may produce crops in these areas, but only if the water patterns, or hydrology, in the wetland area is not altered and any woody vegetation is not removed.
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Business / Agriculture / Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP): A program authorized by FACT Act of 1990 to provide long-term protection for wetlands. Producers enrolling in the program must agree to implement an approved wetlands restoration and protection plan. MORE
Business / Agriculture / Emergency Wetlands Reserve Program (EWRP): Authorized in 1993 under emergency supplemental appropriations to respond to widespread floods in the Midwest, EWRP provided payments to purchase easements and partial financial assistance to landowne MORE
Business / Agriculture / North American Wetlands Conservation Act: P.L. 101-233 (December 13, 1989), and amended in 1990 and 1994, authorizes a wetlands habitat program: administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service. The law authorized annual appropriations of up to MORE