Genetic Engineering

Business / Agriculture / Genetic Engineering: The use of recombinant DNA or other specific molecular gene transfer or exchange techniques to add desirable traits to plants, animals, or other organisms, or to enhance biological processes. Organisms modified by genetic engineering are sometimes referred to as transgenic, bioengineered, or genetically modified. The Agricultural Research Service does in-house research in this field, and the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service regulates the release of genetically engineered organisms for field experiments.
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Genetic-Based Discrimination

Business / Human Resources (HR) / Genetic-Based Discrimination: The practice of requesting or requiring genetic testing information during the hiring process or using genetic testing information to base any other employment decisions or actions. MORE

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Business / Agriculture / Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO): A term, currently used most often in international trade discussions, that designates crops that carry new traits that have been inserted through advanced genetic engineering methods (e.g., Flavr Save MORE


Science / Biology / Genetics: The study of the structure and function of genes and the transmission of genes from parents to offspring. MORE