Nucleotide Sequences: The genetic code encrypted in the sequence of bases along a nucleic acid.
Complementary Nucleotides: The bonding preferences of nucleotides, Adenine with Thymine, and Cytosine with Guanine. Also referred to as complementary base pairing.
Repeat Sequences: The length of a nucleotide sequence that is repeated in a tandem cluster.
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP): Dna sequence variations that occur when a single nucleotide (a, t, c, or g) in the genome sequence is altered.
Tandem Repeat Sequences: Multiple copies of the same base sequence on a chromosome: used as markers in physical mapping.
Oligonucleotide: A molecule usually composed of 25 or fewer nucleotides: used as a dna synthesis primer.
Polynucleotides: Long chains of nucleotides formed by chemical links between the sugar and phosphate groups.
Nucleotides: The subunits of nucleic acids; composed of a phosphate, a sugar, and a nitrogen-containing base. The fundamental structural unit of the nucleic acid group of organic macromolecules. Some nuc . . . View Full Definition
Nucleotide: A molecule which is a basic building block of nucleic acids and which plays a key role in energy transfer in biochemical reactions. Nucleotides consist of a five-carbon sugar, a heterocyclic . . . View Full Definition
Nicotine Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate (NADP): A substance to which electrons are transferred from photosystem I during photosynthesis; the addition of the electrons reduces NADP, which acquires a hydrogen ion to form NADPH, which is a s . . . View Full Definition